International Space Station
Last Updated: January 24th, 2003

      The International Space Station (ISS) is an in-space scientific laboratory that hosts many different scientific experiments including our protein crystals experiments.  Our experiments are transported to the station by a space shuttle orbiter in a frozen state and then thaw in the microgravity environment of space on the space station.  The ISS provides an important role in the quality of the crystals. It was proven on the Russian MIR space station that better quality crystals grow space producing a more accurate X-ray defraction pattern than is normally possible in Earth's 1g environment.

      Our first protein crystal payload was launched onboard STS-106 (Atlantis), ISS Mission Flight 2A.2b on September 8th, 2000. The payload was moved to the Russian Zarya Ciontrol Module of the space station for about seven weeks. This initial payload was returned to Earth on October 30th onboard Discovery (STS-92).  Our second payload was launched February 7th, 2001 again onboard Atlantis (STS-98) as part of ISS Mission 5a.  The DEWAR was kept in the Zayra modiule until it was returned to Earth onboard STS-102 (Discovery). Our third payload was launched on STS-110, again Atlantis, as a part of ISS Mission 8a on April 8th, 2002 and was returned to Earth onboard STS-111, Endeavour, in early June, 2002. Our fourth payload is scheduled for launch on May 23rd, 2003 as part of  ISS Mission 12a/STS-115 (Endeavour).

The Space Station currently 
looks like this! 

(The most recently added component, the first left side truss segment, just added by ISS 11a /STS-113 in early December 2002 is hightlighted in the image.

Space Station Milestones
ISS Mission 1a/r
November 20, 1998
The Russian Zarya Control Module
ISS Mission 2a
December 4, 1998
The US Unity Node
ISS Mission 1r
July 12, 2000
The Russian Zvezda Service Module
ISS Mission 2A.2b
September 8, 2000
Prepare for Expedition 1 Mssion
'Our First Protein Crystals Mission'
ISS Mission 3a
October 11, 2000
Integrated Truss Assembly
ISS Mission 2r
October 31,  2000
Expedition 1- First Permanent Crew
ISS Mission 4a
November 30, 2000
Installing Solar Arrays
Endeavour (STS-97)
ISS Mission 5a
February 7, 2001
Installed the Destiny Lab Module
Our Second Protein Crystals Mission
ISS Mission 5a.1
March 8, 2001
Discovery (STS-102)-Leonardo MPLM, relieve Expedition One crew with Expedition 2 Crew
ISS Mission 6a
April 19, 2001 (2:41 PM EST)
Endeavour (STS-100)
Canadian Space Robatics Arm and Refeallo MPLM
ISS Mission 7a
July 12th, 2001
Atlantis (STS-104)
Joint Airlock Assembly
ISS Mission 8a
April 8th, 2002
Atlantis (STS-110)
Central Truss Assembly
Our Third Protein Crystals Mission
ISS Mission UF2
June 5, 2002
Endeavour (STS-111)
MultiPurpose Logistics Module flight
ISS Mission 9a
October 7, 2002
First Right Side Truss Segment
ISS Mission 11a
November 23, 2002
(STS 113)
First Left Side Truss Segment

Click here to learn about future Space Station missions

Our Next Protein Crystal Mission

ISS mission 12a
STS-115 Endeavour
May 23, 2003

Click HERE to visit NASA's new combined Space Station/Space Shuttle Website

Would you like to see the Space Station?
Use these websites to know where and when to look!

            1. Find observation windows using these websites:

From Jacksonvile and other Florida cities

From other cities

            2. Look at the current space station orbit relative to the Earth

Track the Space Station Website (Marshall Space Flight Center)

Our Protein Crystals Space Station Missions
ISS Mission 2A.2b
Atlantis (STS-106)- Launch Mission
September 8, 2000
STS-106 Website

Discovery (STS-92)- Recovery Mission
STS-92 Website
ISS Mission 5a
Atlantis (STS-98)- Launch Mission
February 7th, 2001
STS-98 Website

Discovery (STS-102)- Recovery Mission
STS-102 Website
ISS Mission 8a
Atlantis (STS-110)- Launch Mission
April 8th, 2002
STS-110 Website

Endeavour (STS-111)- Recovery Mission
STS-111 Website

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This page was ctreated by Scott Ogden, Terry Parker High Schoool '00, a Protein Crystals in Space student
during January/May, 2000 from various NASA sources.  It is current ly updated by Mr. Bo Smith